Durga Puja is a famous Hindu festival when Goddess Durga is worshipped. Durga Puja is also known as Durgotsav, Sarodia Utsav
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Durgotsav refers to all five days festivity and these five days are observed as Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Vijayadashami. (According to Hindu religious texts Durga Puja, including Chandi Path, should begin from the next day of Mahalaya Amavasya. Mahalaya is the most important day of Pitru Paksha, when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors, is not considered for starting any auspicious work.)
Most states except West Bengal do Ghatasthapana on Pratipada which is the next day of Mahalaya Amavasya. Ghatasthapana is equivalent to Kalparamba during Durga Puja when Goddess Durga is invoked. Kalparamba mostly falls on Shashthi Tithi during Devi Paksha. According to regional customs and beliefs Durga Puja during Shardiya Navratri varies from nine days to one day only which is also mentioned in Dharmasindhu.
The Goddess Durga arrives on the Earth on the first day of Devi Paksha which starts on the next day of Mahalaya Amavasya during Pitru Paksha. She departs on Durga Visarjan day. The weekdays when she arrives and departs are significant and considered as omen of coming time.
Durga Puja, the most happening festival of the Bengalis can be sensed with its spurt of fanfare on all the four days of the Durga Puja festival. This autumnal festival popularly known as Sharadotsav, recalls the power of Matri Shakti symbolized by the Goddess Durga who slays asura to re-establish peace and sanctity on earth again. Bengalis all over the world during these days of Durga Puja rejoice to their heart’s content reconnecting with friends and relatives. Durga Puja is an occasion when the familiar sound of Dhak, Dhunuchi naach, the mild fragrance of Shiuli, gives a familiar tug to every Bengali heart.
To mark the four days of durga Puja festivity, here we bring for all Bengali people a unique section on Durga Pooja. You may go through our articles, photo contest virtual pandal darshan and Pujo Parikrama and other information regarding durga Puja. What is needed only to Like our Facebook Page to enter Photo Contest. Free entry photo can be send by any one any age snap taken by mobile, digicam, slr or any photo related to Durga Puja 2013 it may Pandal making, Idol making, or photo may be group of friends in puja pandal
Durga Puja is one of the Special and famous festival in all over India but it have a special thing in Kolkata. Because it is the one of the big festival of Bengali. This year Durga Puja is going to celebrated on 9nd October 2013 as per Indian Standard Time. In this article you can get the Time schedule of Durga Puja 2013 in all over the world.
As we know, durga Puja is the biggest festival in Bengal. This is also known as Dussehra and Navaratri in other parts of India. Durga is the Goddess of divine power against all evils. Like durga puja navratri are celebrated in various parts of India.
- Durga Puja in India – Kolkata (Calcutta), Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru (Bangalore). Agartala, Silchar, Hydrabad
- Durga Puja in Bangladesh – Dhaka, Chattagram, Silate, Josore
- Durga Puja in U.K – Durga Puja in England city of London, Durga Puja in Salford, Liverpool, Ireland – Bangor, Durga Puja in Belfast
- Durga Puja in U.S.A (United States of America) – Durga Puja 2013 in New Jersey, Chicago, Boston, Los Angeles, New York, Durga Pujo in Philadelphia, Durga pujo in Houston, Puja Celebration in Dallas
Durga Puja 2013 [Worship of Goddess Durga] is the biggest religious occasion for Hindu community. This festival comes once in a year. This year, in 2013, Durga Puja will held from 9th to 14th of October. These 6 days long occasion will create a lot of joy in all people around the country.
West Bengal: Durga Puja is celebrated most among the Bengalis. If you are a festival fanatic and want to celebrate Durga Ashtami with all rituals then West Bengal is your place. In places like Kolkata, the city seems to halt for ten days in order to celebrate Durga Puja. Puja tents or pandals are spread over all places. Competitions are also held for the most beautiful pandals and decoration.
Kali temples in Kolkata organise for sacrifices during the time of Sandhi Puja. Buffalos and goats are sacrificed in front of goddess to portray her superior power.
Gujrat: The custom of Garba Dance and Dandiya takes place in Gujarat on the day of Durga Ashtami. This custom symbolises the divine maternal energy. Garba dance originally originated in praise for Goddess Mahishasura Mardini who killed the evil Mahishasura and protected million lives. Whereas, the sticks used for Dandiya Raas dance symbolises the sword in the hand of Durga.
Tripura: Durga Puja was observed with the same fervour as in West Bengal in the landlocked northeastern state of Tripura every year. The women smeared each other with vermilion, the dhakis played their drums frantically and the Ravana was burnt in effigy on on the Bijaya Dasami day, which was also observed as Dussehra. Images from Agartala capture the mood of Durga Puja and its last day in the state.
The First Durga Puja in Bengal
The first grand worship of Goddess Durga in recorded history is said to have been celebrated in the late 1500′s. Folklores say the landlords or zamindar of Dinajpur and Malda initiated the first Durga Puja in Bengal. According to another source, Raja Kangshanarayan of Taherpur or Bhabananda Mazumdar of Nadiya organized the first Sharadiya or Autumn Durga Puja in Bengal in c 1606.
“The Baro-Yaari Puja gave way to the sarbajanin or community puja in 1910, when the Sanatan Dharmotsahini Sabha organized the first truly community puja in Baghbazar in Kolkata with full public contribution, public control and public participation. Now the dominant mode of Bengali Durga Puja is the ‘public’ version,” write M. D. Muthukumaraswamy and Molly Kaushal in Folklore, Public Sphere, and Civil Society. The institution of the community Durga Puja in the 18th and the 19th century Bengal contributed vigorously to the development of Hindu Bengali culture.
In 1911, with the shifting of the capital of British India to Delhi, many Bengalis migrated to the city to work in government offices. The first Durga Puja in Delhi was held in c. 1910, when it was performed by ritually consecrating the ‘mangal kalash,’ symbolizing the deity. This Durga Puja, which celebrates its centennial in 2009, is also known as the Kashmere Gate Durga Puja currently organized by the Delhi Durga Puja Samiti in the lawns of Bengali Senior Secondary School, Alipur Road, Delhi.
Evolution of the ‘Pratima’ and the ‘Pandal’
There are two kinds of embellishments that are used on clay – sholar saaj and daker saaj. In the former, the pratima is traditionally decorated with the white core of the shola reed which grows within marshlands. As the devotees grew wealthier, beaten silver (rangta) was used. The silver used to be imported from Germany and was delivered by post (dak). Hence the name daker saaj.
The huge temporary canopies – held by a framework of bamboo poles and draped with colorful fabric – that house the icons are called ‘pandals’. Modern pandals are innovative, artistic and decorative at the same time, offering a visual spectacle for the numerous visitors who go ‘pandal-hopping’ during the four days of Durga Puja.
Durga Pooja is a ten days long festival celebrated with great pomp and show in Northern and Eastern part of India. The preparation for this pooja and celebrations begins days before the festival. Generally, the Durga Pooja is done on a community level and the idols and pandals (tents) for the Pooja are arranged by the pooja management committee of the area. Mesmerizing idols of the Goddess adorn the pandal. The ambience of the pandal is also taken care of and given a very religious and sanctified look. The idol of the goddess is set over a higher platform and sitting arrangements for the priest as well as devotees are done near the platform. Pooja is performed in these temporary pandals for ten days and after the immersion of idol in a sacred water body, the pandals are properly cleaned and removed. Read on if you are interested in exploring the idol and pandal making activity of Durga Pooja in detail.
Durga Puja Pandal Making
Pandals are like a temporary temple during the Pooja. The making of Pandal is also a complex and lengthy phenomenon. It has now become a trend to set pandals through community contribution in every colony and street. The trends of ‘Barwari Puja’ usually financed by the local land-owners or sponsored by the rich people have now become a feature of community contribution. Making of these pandals follow well-set plans that use bamboo poles, wooden planks and cloth. The designs of the Pandal are done in accordance with space available and the community’s population. It has now become a trend to set designer pandals with complex lightings and intricate patterns. Decorated by lights, flowers and several such items, the modern pandals at many places also look like film sets.
Idols in Durga Puja Pandals
Idols of West Bengal are the most mesmerizing and wonderful idols all over the country. They are famous for the skilled and traditional way in which they are created. The basic rule to be followed is that every thing to be used should come from a sacred water body. The clay artisans work hard for several months to create the wonderful idols and images of Goddess Durga at the festival time. The bamboo sticks are used to make the internal structure of the idol and provide it a basic shape. Then the structure is made using straw and jute ropes and strings to keep it in place.
This is a very lengthy process that requires diligence as well as skill. It requires patience to touch the ultimate perfection in idol making. These artisans are grouped for different functions because the creation of idol by a single artist would become an extremely tiring and lengthy phenomenon. So, some of them get engage in making the skeleton from bamboo and straw while the other group mixes clay and applies it. The most skilled of workers make the head, palms and feet of the idol. The application of clay is done in three steps.
The first step, clay coat solution is made in way that it has high percentage of water to fill the crevices of the idol’s straw structure. The second layer needs caution, as it is responsible for the fine finishing of the idol. Here, the clay has to be very smooth and sans any impurities. Palms, head and feet are attached to the idol at the second stage of clay application. The third stage is the stage of application of thin coat of clay, applied by using pieces of cloth, to strengthen idol and fill up any cracks that may have develop after drying. The statue is finally painted with the white base earth color and then yellow color. The last earth color is that of red blood. At last, the features like eyes and nose are given detailing, by using color. The image is then dressed and ornamented with jewels.