Significance of Maha Saptami Durga Puja
Maha Saptami Puja Plan
October 1, Wednesday 2014 – Maha Saptami or Mahasaptami
দুর্গা পূজা মহাসপ্তমী ১৪ আশ্বিন ১৪২১
“Nabo Patrika” “Saptami Puja” Within 8.28 am
Predawn bathing of “Kola Bow”
Midnight Puja of Devi durga from 11.02pm to 11:50pm
SAPTAMI PUJA, Arati & Prasad (Lunch). 9:30 a.m to 12:30 p.m
Evening Arati of Sri Durga Maa. 7:15 p.m to 7:45 p.m
Devotional Songs & Prayers. 7:45 p.m to 9:15 p.m
1 st October 2014 (Wednesday )
Note – 24-hour clock with local time & DST adjusted for all Muhurat timings (if applicable)
2014 Navpatrika Puja, Nabapatrika Puja
Navpatrika Puja day is also known as Maha Saptami and it is the first day of Durga Puja. In Hinduism a living medium is necessary to invoke the indwelling or spirit of a deity. It is through this living medium devotees can interact with the Divinity and pay homage. On Bilva Nimantran day it was Bilva Tree or its branch in which Goddess Durga was invoked before giving Her Puja invitation for the next day.
On Maha Saptami day Goddess Durga is invoked in a group of nine plants known as Navpatrika. Navpatrika is formed by bundling nine different plants including the branch of Bilva tree of the previous day. After that Navpatrika is given a ceremonial bath in a water body preferably in a river, adorned with a red or orange colored cloth and installed on a wooden seat on the right side of image of Durga.
Maha Saptami Puja begins with Mahasnan. For Maha Snan a mirror is placed on a platter in such a way that the reflection of the Goddess Durga is seen in the mirror. It is the refection of Goddess Durga in the mirror which is given the ritualistic bath using various materials. After bath ceremony the ritual of Prana Pratishtha (प्राण प्रतिष्ठा) takes place in which image of the Goddess Durga is consecrated and divinized. Prana Pratishtha is followed by Shodashopachar Puja (षोडशोपचार पूजा) which is an elaborate worship with sixteen different Puja items.
The seventh day of Durga Puja is concluded with Devi Bhog and Aarti. In West Bengal Navpatrika Puja is also known as Kolabou Puja and also spelled as Nabapatrika Puja.
Items Needed For Saptami Puja of Goddess Durga:
Food Offerings: Sesame seeds, myrobalan, flowers, two earthen bowls full of atop, green coconut with stalk, wood apple leaves, white mustard, madhupakka (40 or 22 bowls), honey, sugar, noibiddos (40 or 22), one main noibiddo, fruits, items for bhog.
Puja Items: Jute ropes, red thread, alta, four finger rings, four yadnyopaveet, a pot, a mirror, a tekatha, sandalwood, mashkolai, hibiscus flower, small noibiddo, one big earthen lamp, panchapallab, pancha ratna, panchashasha, panchaguri, vermillion, items for arati, items for the yadnya – sand, wood, dry khorke grass, cowdung, kusha grass, ghee, 108 bel leaves and a bowl.
Cloth Offerings: Clothes for the Pundit, a piece of cloth, gamcha for arati, 40 or 22 finger rings made of kusha, sari for nabapatrika, one sari for the main puja, saris for Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Chandi, dhoti for Kartik, Ganesh, Shiva, Vishnu, clothes for nine planets, clothes for peacock, mouse, lion, demon, buffalo, ox, snake, chandmala, a nosering, iron, conch shell.
Plants and flowers offerings: Flower garland, belpatra garland, Banana plant, turmeric plant, colacassia plant, wood apple stem, pomegranate stem, a stem of Jayanti plant, arum plant, rice plant, ashoka stem, twigs of white aparajita plant, two banana stems.